Updated October 19, 2020.

At the time of the last update only 16 states have statewide quarantine restrictions: Alaska, Connecticut, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island and Vermont. Boise, Chicago and Washington, DC have citywide restrictions, as do several selected counties.

The ever-changing nature of travel restrictions for corporate travelers within the United States has prompted us to put together an overview of the individual regulations of each State. Some are quite restrictive and focused on travelers from particular States, while others encompass all travelers. A third type has no restrictions at all, which of course are the easiest for travelers to navigate.

Negative COVID-19 Tests

Many of the quarantine rules can be avoided if a traveler can present a recent negative COVID-19 test result. And in some States, you are exempt if you are simply passing through and not remaining in the State for more than 24 hours.

Following is a list of the rules in all fifty States…

Alabama

There are no statewide restrictions in Alabama.

Alaska

All visitors entering Alaska must complete a traveler declaration form, and either arrive with proof of a negative COVID-19 test, take a test upon arrival, or adhere to the work plan that their employer filed with the State of Alaska..

Restrictions vary based on testing date in relation to travel dates. If the traveler was tested within 72 hours of their arrival into Alaska, they may enter with proof of negative results. If the test was less recently than 72 hours, they will need to take another test upon arrival. If the test was taken between 72 hours and five days from the arrival, and the traveler has not yet received their results, they will need to self-quarantine until they do.

The state requests a second test be done seven to 14 days after arriving in Alaska.

Visitors arriving without a previously taken test can get one for $250, and must quarantine while awaiting results at their own cost. Testing is free for Alaska residents, who also have the option of a two-week quarantine instead of a test.

Arizona

There are no statewide restrictions in Arizona.

Arkansas

There are no statewide restrictions in Arkansas.

California

There are no statewide restrictions in California.

Colorado

There are no statewide restrictions in Colorado.

Connecticut

Customers traveling to Connecticut from Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming are subject to a mandatory 14-day quarantine in a home or hotel room. Travelers from affected states and territories may be able to shorten or bypass quarantine by providing a negative COVID-19 PCR test result to Connecticut’s Commissioner of Public Health. The list of impacted states is updated on a weekly basis every Tuesday. All interstate travelers must also complete an online Travel Health Form.

Delaware

There were no statewide restrictions in Delaware.

District of Columbia

The nation’s capital requires persons who’ve participated in non-essential travel to or from designated high-risk states to self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival. Last updated on October 5, the list of impacted states includes Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Florida

As of Aug. 11, there were no statewide restrictions in Florida. County and city restrictions may be in place.

Georgia

There are no statewide restrictions in Georgia.

Hawaii

Following several postponements, Hawaii finally launched its pre-travel testing program on October 15, enabling interstate visitors to bypass the 14-day quarantine by providing proof of a negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of their arrival.

But, note that the rules are very specific: the Aloha State is only accepting results of a Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT) performed by one of the trusted testing partners approved by the Hawaii Department of Health. Visitors must upload test results to the state’s online Safe Travels form and complete a health questionnaire within 24 hours of departure.

In addition to the statewide pre-travel testing measure, the Big Island is also requiring a second rapid test to be taken by all passengers (ages five and over) upon arrival at the airport. Maui and Kauai are also offering optional secondary testing for visitors. Hawaii will also be conducting random surveillance by testing ten percent of travelers four days after arrival.

Idaho

As of Aug. 11, there were no statewide restrictions in Idaho. County restrictions may be in place: For instance, travelers to Boise and other cities in Ada County are encouraged to self-quarantine for 14 days.

Illinois

There are no statewide restrictions, but those entering or returning to the city of Chicago from Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin, and Wyoming must submit to a 14-day quarantine. The list will be updated every Tuesday and go into effect the following Friday at 12:01 a.m.

Indiana

There are no statewide restrictions in Indiana.

Iowa

There are no statewide restrictions in Iowa.

Kansas

Kansas has placed restrictions only on very specific sets of travelers. Returning residents and visitors who attended an out-of-state event or mass gathering of 500 or more people, at which individuals did not socially distance and wear masks are required to quarantine for 14 days; as is anyone who has been on a cruise ship or river cruise since March.

Kentucky

Kentucky is recommending that travelers coming from states with a positive testing rate of 15 percent or higher self-quarantine for 14 days. At the time of publication, 11 states were on its list of impacted states, but travelers can always check the current positivity rates for each state on the Johns Hopkins website, since those numbers are in constant flux.

Louisiana

There are no statewide restrictions in Louisiana.

Maine

Out-of-state travelers must quarantine for 14 days upon arrival or sign a Certificate of Compliance indicating that they’ve tested negative for COVID-19 (PCR or antigen tests both acceptable) within the past 72 hours. Visitors arriving in Maine from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York and Vermont are exempted from both quarantine and testing requirements.

Maryland

There are no statewide restrictions in Maryland.

Massachusetts

All visitors, including returning residents, who do not meet exemption parameters must complete the Massachusetts Travel Form, plus provide negative results of a COVID-19 test taken up to 72-hours prior to arrival or self-quarantine for 14 days. Travelers coming from lower-risk states, as designated by the Department of Public Health, are exempt. Lower-risk states are defined as those with average daily cases below ten in 100,000 residents and positive test rates of under-five percent, based on a rolling seven-day average. Failure to comply with these orders may result in a $500 fine.

Michigan

There are no statewide restrictions in Michigan.

Minnesota

There are no statewide restrictions in Minnesota.

Mississippi

There are no statewide restrictions in Mississippi.

Missouri

There are no statewide restrictions in Missouri.

Montana

There are no statewide restrictions in Montana.

Nebraska

There are no statewide restrictions in Nebraska.

Nevada

There are no statewide restrictions in Nevada.

New Hampshire

Travelers arriving New Hampshire are asked to self-quarantine for 14 days. Travelers that will be staying at a hotel during their stay must bring signed paperwork stating that they self-isolated at home for 14 days prior to travel. Exemptions are travelers arriving from Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island.

New Jersey

The governors of New Jersey, New York and Connecticut continue their joint incoming travel restrictions on visitors from states with significant COVID-19 spread, and visitors or returning residents coming from the impacted states must quarantine for 14 days. Impacted states are defined as those with 1) an average daily new case rate of higher than 10 in every 100,000 residents or 2) a 10 percent or higher positivity rate, both measured over a rolling seven-day period. The list of affected states is updated online regularly, but, as of October 13, included 38 U.S. states and jurisdictions. Those coming from affected areas are also asked to complete a voluntary online survey to provide information about where they’re traveling from and their destination.

New Mexico

New Mexico is requiring travelers from states considered high-risk, based on COVID-positivity rates, to self-quarantine for 14 days following their arrival or the duration of their stay, whichever is shorter. The list of high-risk and exempted low-risk states is updated every Wednesday. As of October 14, low-risk states included only Hawaii, Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont and Washington state.

New York

Customers traveling to New York from Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming are subject to a mandatory 14-day quarantine in a home or hotel room.

Those arriving at airports in New York must fill out a Health Department traveler form or face a possible $2,000 fine and a mandatory quarantine order. Failure to comply may also result in their being ordered to quarantine, regardless of which state they are arriving from. Travelers arriving by air must fill out the form before leaving the airport, while those arriving by car, train or other modes of transportation must fill it out online.

To ensure compliance, travelers to New York City may be stopped at random at bridge and tunnel crossings, in Penn Station and at the Port Authority Bus Terminal.

North Carolina

There are no statewide restrictions in North Carolina.

North Dakota

There are no statewide restrictions in North Dakota.

Ohio

Travelers arriving to Ohio from Idaho, Iowa, Indiana, Kansas, Nevada, South Dakota, Wisconsin and Wyoming are recommended to self-quarantine, for 14 days in a home or hotel room.

Oklahoma

There are no statewide restrictions in Oklahoma.

Oregon

There are no statewide restrictions in Oregon.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania recommends that anyone visiting or returning from areas with high incidences of COVID-19 quarantine for 14 days upon entering the state. As of October 16, impacted states included Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island is requiring travelers from states and jurisdictions with positivity rates of higher than five percent to self-quarantine for 14 days upon arrival. While the website notes that quarantining is always preferred, travelers can bypass quarantine by providing their negative results of COVID-19 test taken within 72 hours of arrival, or may test after entering the state and remain quarantined pending their results. As of October 12, the regularly updated list was up to 32 impacted states and jurisdictions.

Out-of-state visitors must also complete a Certificate of Compliance, attesting to their fulfillment of quarantine/testing requirements, which they’ll need to provide to their hotel or rented accommodations upon check-in, as well as an Out-of-State Travel Screening Form with their contact information and intended itinerary.

South Carolina

There are no statewide restrictions in South Carolina.

South Dakota

There are no statewide restrictions in South Dakota.

Tennessee

There are no statewide restrictions in Tennessee.

Texas

There are no statewide restrictions in Texas.

Utah

There are no statewide restrictions in Utah.

Vermont

Visitors from counties in Northeastern states that have similar active coronavirus rates to Vermont (defined as less than 400 active cases per million residents) and who travel in a private vehicle do not have to quarantine. The same is true for Vermont residents who visit those regions when they return home. These counties are in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and Washington, D.C. Most other travelers need to self-quarantine upon arrival in Vermont, but the state gives travelers a few options. People may self-quarantine out of state before traveling to Vermont as long as their trip is in a private vehicle and they make only necessary stops, while wearing a face mask, social distancing and washing their hands frequently. Those opting to self-quarantine before their visit to Vermont can either do it for 14 days, or they can shorten it to seven days if they then get a negative test result.

Those arriving by public transportation or a longer car ride must self-quarantine for 14 days, or for seven days followed by a negative test. People traveling for essential purposes, do not need to quarantine. Essential travel includes travel for personal safety, medical care, care of others, parental shared custody, for food, beverage or medicine, or to perform work for businesses that are currently allowed to operate.

Virginia

There are no statewide restrictions in Virginia.

Washington

There are no statewide restrictions in Washington.

West Virginia

There are no statewide restrictions in West Virginia.

Wisconsin

There is no statewide quarantine request. Local quarantine restrictions may be in place at the county level.

Wyoming

There are no statewide restrictions in Wyoming.

 

Essential Workers Status

Many states also have exemptions for essential workers, including health care workers, members of the military and a large number of professions in other key industries. (The list of eligible professions is quite large.) Twenty States utilize the Federal guidelines on which workers are considered essential. Twenty-two other States have created their own guidelines.

To view an interactive map of the various Essential Worker laws within the US, click here.

To view a PDF of the Federal guidelines click this link, Federal EssentialWorkerGuidelines.

Essential Worker Letter

If your employee meets these requirements and you would like to assert these rights you will need to provide them with an Essential Worker Letter. To download a copy of a sample letter, click this link… EssentialEmployeeSampleLetter.